Located in Sagaing Division west of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River, a town with an estimated population of 68,654 in 1996. It is renowned as the hometown of King Alaungpaya, founder of the Konbaung Dynasty, who briefly made it his royal capital (Yadanatheinkha) and base for the conquest of Upper and Lower Burma. Nearby are villages, Monhla and Chantha, where Portuguese followers of Felipe de Brito were exiled after the conquest of Syriam (Thanlyin) by King Anaukpetlun in 1613. Descendants of these people, who retained their Catholic religion, are known as Bayingyi. Shwebo was known as Moksobomyo, "town of the hunter Po," referring to Alaungpaya's early career.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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